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Retinol Vs Tretinoin: Are They The Same?
Welcome to the first post in my tretinoin series! In this series, I’m going to teach you all you need to know about tretinoin. To start out we’re going to be learning about retinol vs tretinoin.
What they are, how they’re different and how to pick which one to use.
If you’ve ever research tretinoin, then you’ve probably come across the word retinol. Many people think that retinol and tretinoin are interchangeable.
Although they are similar, they work very differently.
Learning the difference between retinol vs tretinoin can be confusing with all the scientific names and jargon. This guide is going to help you learn the real differences between the two so that you can pick the right one for your skin.
Retinol vs tretinoin is probably the biggest battle in the skincare industry. Which one is better? Some will swear by prescription-only tretinoin. Others sing the praises of OTC retinol. So, how do you choose? Well, I’ve designed this guide to help you understand the difference between retinol and tretinoin so that you can pick out the best one for you!
What Are Retinol and Tretinoin?
Hang with me, cause this can get confusing. Both retinol and tretinoin belong to a group called retinoids. “Retinoids” is simply an umbrella term for Vitamin A Compounds and Vitamin A derivatives.
These compounds basically shed dead skin cells and help our skin cells rejuvenate faster.
Now, there are a lot of different types of natural and synthetic retinoids. I’m only going to stick to the most common ones to make this guide as simple as possible.
Here are the most common retinoids on the market today:
What Do Retinoids Do?
Essentially, retinoids help speed up cell turnover. In turn, this helps unclog pores and prevents new acne from forming. It also sheds dead skin cells, revealing new, healthy skin cells which help fade fine lines and wrinkles.
Even though retinoids to mainly target acne and anti-aging, they have a slew of other benefits, too!
- Treat acne and prevent new acne from forming
- Fade dark spots (acne scars, sunspots, hyperpigmentation, etc)
- Treat shallow or indented scarring
- Treat and prevent wrinkles and fine lines
- Help with oily skin
- Unclog pores and blackheads
- Help reduce the appearance of large pores
- Help smooth skin’s texture
- Stimulate collagen production
See, retinoids can do it all!
Although they have a lot of different benefits, they are most effective at treating acne, fine lines and wrinkles. So, if you need help with those, tretinoin is the gold standard!
Are There Any Side Effects?
Don’t be fooled by the magic of retinol and tretinoin. These compounds do come along with side effects, particularly in the beginning. However, don’t let this scare you off!
The benefits outweigh the potential side effects and the side effects will subside in a few weeks.
- Irritated skin
- Dry skin
- Flaking or peeling
- Increased sensitivity to the sun
I will also be doing a separate post for this series on how to use tretinoin properly to reduce any side effects, so be sure to look out for that!
Retinol Vs Tretinoin
Now, lets dive into the difference between retinol and tretinoin.
First, tretinoin is also called Retin-A. They are the exact same thing. Tretinoin is the generic drug name and Retin-A is the brand name. There are many other brand names for tretinoin, and I won’t get into that. Retin-A is just the most common.
So, just remember, if you see Retin-A, just think tretinoin.
Tretinoin (or Retin-A) is retinoic acid. The most effective and potent form of Vitamin A. The gold standard in anti-aging and acne. In fact, it’s about 20 times more potent that retinols!
Tretinoin is also the most researched and scientifically backed form of vitamin A. Additionally, it’s FDA approved for acne and anti-aging.
Tretinoin does require a prescription from your doctor and some insurances won’t cover it over a certain age or for anti-aging only purposes.
However, don’t let this deter you from getting tretinoin! There are many ways to get around the insurance coverage and not have to pay hundreds of dollars for a little tube.
Let me know if anyone is interested in a post on the different ways to get tretinoin.
Pros and Cons of Tretinoin
Many people read the side effects of tretinoin and it makes them scared to start using it. If you use tretinoin properly, you should not exeperience any drastic side effects. All those people that complain about the horrible side effects of tretinoin are likely using it improperly.
That said, there are some things to consider if you’re deciding looking at retinol vs tretinoin and deciding which one to go with.
Pros of tretinoin
- More stable
- More effective
- Stronger formula/more potent
- Scientifically proven
- FDA approved for acne and anti-aging
Cons of tretinoin
- Can be more irritating
- More expensive
- Less readily available/prescription only
Who Should Use Tretinoin
Tretinoin is the best option for those who are looking for a powerful acne fighter or anti-aging product to add to their skincare routine. If you want the most bang for your buck, go with tretinoin.
If you have any type of scarring like indented acne scars, you need tretinoin.
I’ve been using tretinoin for at least 8 or so years and it’s done wonders for my skin.
Any doctor can prescribe tretinoin, so you don’t have to see a dermatologist. I’ve found that most doctors are willing to prescribe it. You can also use teledermatology services such as Curology or Apostrophe (both are great options).
Retinol belongs to the class of retinoids, but it is not the same thing as tretinoin or retin-a. Retinol is a synthetic form of vitamin and and is much less potent than tretinoin. They are not as strong and generally not as effective.
Retinol can be found in various over the counter products and can be purchased just about anywhere.
Even though retinol is not as effective, it can still be a good option for certain people. Particularly if you have extremely sensitive skin. Also, for those who are concerned about insurance coverage or cost of tretinoin. But remember, there are plenty of affordable ways to get prescription tretinoin!
The Problem With Retinol
In order for our skin to be able to use retinol, it first has to go through two conversions to be converted to retinoid acid. Retinoid acid is the only form of vitamin a our skin care use. So, when retinol is applied to the skin, it is ineffective until is gets converted. This conversion can take some time, which is why retinol is less effective than tretinoin.
You see, your skin can only use the retinoic acid form of Vitamin A. Remember what tretinoin is? Retinoic acid! That’s why tretinoin is so much more effective, because you put it on your skin and it can immediately start working.
However, retinol is a form of Vitamin A that first has to be converted into retinoic acid to work properly. This conversion happens when you apply it to your skin.
So, since retinol has to be converted twice to become effective on our skin, that’s why it is less potent.
Retinol Pros and Cons
As with tretinoin, retinol comes with its own pros and cons. It’s important to look at both to decide which is best for your skin.
Many people with sensitive skin use retinol because it’s less irritating. However, just because you have sensitive skin doesn’t mean tretinoin won’t work for you.
I have pretty sensitive skin and am still able to use tretinoin!
Additionally, some people chose to start out with retinol to get their skin used to retinoids before jumping into tretinoin. This can be a great way to introduce retinols into your routine and you will likely experience less side effects this way as opposed to starting with tretinoin from the beginning.
Pros of retinol:
- Available OTC, more accessible
- Gentle/less irritating
- More affordable
Cons of retinol:
- Less effective
- Unstable – degrades easily from heat and light rendering it ineffective
- Not FDA approved to treat acne and help with aging
Who Should Use Retinol
Retinol is a great choice for beginners, those with extremely sensitive skin, or those concerns with cost/availability of tretinoin.
Having used both retinol and tretinoin, retinol definitley has its place in certain routines. Some people may find that it works better for them because it’s less irritating.
However, I personally see the best results from tretinoin. That said, it doesn’t hurt to give retinol a try to see how it works for you. And if you’re not seeing enough results, then you can move up to tretinoin.
Retinol Vs Tretinoin For Acne
Is one or the other better for treating acne?
Prescription retinoids like tretinoin and Retin-A, are FDA approved for treating acne. Because of this, they are held to a higher standard, their efficacy has been proven in treating acne and they are very safely and commonly used.
You may think that because tretinoin is stronger, that it would be more effective than retinol. However, that’s not always the case. Being the stronger counterpart, tretinoin and Retin-A come along with more side effects when using them.
Although they work the same way, some people do need the stronger tretinoin to get clear skin. However, some people may not be able to use prescription retinoids because they are too harsh for their skin.
My personal experience with retinol vs tretinoin is that I will always choose tretinoin over retinol. I have tried both and I just see better results with tretinoin.
However, I will say that it takes more time for your skin to adjust, and the adjustment phase can be uncomfortable. You will have the same side effects when starting a retinol (dryness, flaking skin irritation) but they will be much less severe.
With retinol, you may not see as good results than you would with tretinoin. Sometimes stubborn acne needs a very strong retinoid. For example, I used a OTC retinol, when that didn’t work my dermatologist put me on Differin, then tretinoin, and finally up to Tazorac to get a good response.
Bottom line: it’s a personal choice! When deciding between tretinoin and retinol for acne, if your skin is sensitive, start with a retiniol. Or if you have stubborn acne, just go ahead and start the tretinoin.
Retinol Vs Tretinoin For Wrinkles
Many people have asked me, is tretinoin or retinol better for wrinkles? Like we discussed with tretinoin and retinol for acne, they work the same way, so either option will get you results.
Again, tretinoin is FDA approved for anti-aging purposes, treating and preventing fine lines and wrinkles, etc. That said, you will see better results with prescription retinoids like tretinoin. Tretinoin is essentially the gold standard in anti-aging. So, if you want the best of the best, go with tretinoin.
That said, retinol is still a great option for many people! It’s more accessible, cheaper and you won’t experience as many side effects.
For me, the side effects are worth using tretinoin. Not only did it completely clear up my skin, but my pores are clear, blackheads are gone and fine lines have all but disappeared.
Retinol Vs Tretinoin FAQ’s
Is Tretinoin The Same As Retinoid?
Tretinoin is a retinoid. Retinoids are the class of vitamin a substances. Retinol, tretinoin, retin-a, tazorac, adapalene, Differin (and any other brand names of tretinoin) are all classified as retinoids.
What Should You Not Use With Tretinoin & Retinol?
I’m going to dive deep into how to use tretinoin correctly, but for now, here’s some things you should not use with tretinoin or retinol:
- benzoyl peroxide
Again, this is a super simplified version, and if you want to use other chemical exfoliations in your routine, you totally can, just check out my post on how to use them all together!
Can I Use Tretinoin With Retinol?
No, you do not want to use tretinoin with retinol. Although they do the same thing, you may think using both would get you better results. You only need one or the other. Not both. Adding both will only ruin your skin. Trust me. Less is more when it comes to retinol and tretinoin.
Does Tretinoin Age Your Skin?
Many people claim that you shouldn’t start using tretinoin or retinol at a young age because it can age your skin. They think that because tretinoin thins the skin it can cause it to age quicker. This is simply not true.
Remember, tretinoin is FDA approved for anti-aging!
Retinol Vs Tretinoin Wrap Up
Retinoids are a skincare staple and belong in everybody’s routine. The hard part is picking out the right one for you!
So, now that we have a good understanding of retinol vs tretinoin, hopefully you can now pick out the right one for your skin. If you’re still unsure, leave a comment or send me an email and I’d be happy to help!
I’ve been using retinoids for over 10 years, and I’ve pretty much used them all a time or two. Personally, I’m a firm believer in the prescription strength tretinoin because you will see more drastic results (and see them much faster!).
I’d love to know if you use retinol or tretinoin, and if so, what benefits have you noticed with your skin?
Be sure to look out for my guide on using tretinoin correctly next!If you liked this post check out my guide on chemical exfoliants like AHA and BHA!
Where Do You Sit On The Retinol Vs Tretinoin Battle?
Are you a die-hard retinol lover, or do you only use the gold standard tretinoin? Let me know down below! If you couldn’t tell, I’m a die hard tretinoin cream gal myself.