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When it comes to skin care, there are so many products to choose from that it can be difficult to know what’s really necessary and what’s just a sales gimmick. In this post, we’ll explore the difference between toner vs cleanser, and help you decide which is right for you. Do you really need a toner? Are cleansers and toners the same? We’ll answer all these (and more)!
What Is A Cleanser?
A traditional cleanser, or face wash, is used to cleanse the skin and remove dirt, oil, makeup, bacteria or other impurities. Cleansers should always be used as the first step in your skincare routine. Not only do they help keep the skin clean and prevent breakouts, they can also help your other skincare products absorb and work better.
Cleansers can come in many different types and formulations. For example, oil based cleansers like cleansing balms and cleansing oils are great to break down makeup and oil from the skin. Creamy cleansers are ideal for dry, dehydrated and sensitive skin types because they usually contain hydrating and moisturizing ingredients. They can also come in gels and waterless cleansers like micellar water.
Face cleansers work by using surfactants, which are detergents that remove any impurities from the skin. Surfactants can “attract” dirt, oil, etc to help remove them from the skin. There are many different type of surfactants and they all vary in terms of strength and efficacy. One of the most common surfactants you’ve probably heard of is Sodium Lauryl Sulfate, or SLS. While this one is not ideal for a facial cleanser, there are many surfactants out there that are much more gentle on the skin.
Benefits Of Cleanser
- Cleanses Skin – keeping the skin clean is essential for a healthy skin barrier and function. When skin is not cleansed often, it can lead to a buildup of dead skin, bacteria, dirt and oil which can cause a ton of different issues like acne or other skin conditions
- Preps Skin – cleansers help to prep the skin for the rest of your skincare routine
- Enhances Product Absorption – when your skin is free from oil, dirt or other impurities, your products will absorb better and therefore be more effective
- Keeps Skin Clear – cleansing the skin is one of the most important steps in any skincare routine. Without properly cleansing the skin, dirt, oil, bacteria and dead skin cells can all build up on the skin and lead to acne
- Improves Texture – cleansers can help to sweep away dead skin cells so they don’t end up just sitting on the surface of your skin. This can help improve skin texture
While all cleansers have the benefits listed above, cleansers can also have additional benefits depending on the formulation and ingredients. For example, cream cleansers generally have hydrating or moisturizing ingredients to keep the skin barrier strong and add moisture back into parched skin. Clarifying cleansers will usually have acne fighting ingredients like salicylic acid, tea tree or sulfur. Cleansers can also contain brightening ingredients to help fade discolorations, antioxidants to help prevent aging and more.
Who Should Use Cleansers
Everyone should be using a cleanser in their skincare routine. Not only can they help keep skin clear, but they also help to keep the skin barrier healthy! Your skin can’t be healthy or function properly if it has a ton of dead skin or oil buildup!
How To Pick The Right Cleanser
Since there are so many different formulations of cleansers, it’s hard to know what to look for. Here’s a quick guide on picking out the right facial cleanser for your skin.
In general, you want to avoid sulfates like SLS. These are harsh and can disrupt the skin’s protective barrier.
If You Wear Makeup…
Go for an oil based cleanser like a cleansing balm or cleansing oil that dissolves makeup instantly (even long wearing and waterproof!). Ideally you want to follow up with a separate cleanser to remove any oil residue.
If You Have Combination, Oily or Acne-Prone Skin…
Opt for a gel cleanser. They usually contain stronger surfactants to help cleanse the skin of excess oil.
If You Have Dry, Sensitive Or Dehydrated Skin…
Look for a creamy, lotion or hydrating cleanser. These will contain gentle surfactants to cleanse the skin without stripping. They will also have hydrating and moisturizing ingredients to add moisture back into the skin.
What Is A Toner?
A toner is typically water based and comes in liquid or spray form. They are designed to prepare the skin for better product penetration by removing any residue that cleansers may leave behind.
In the past, astringent toners were very popular, especially among acne sufferers. Astringents are like toners, but contain ingredients to “dry out” pimples and clear the skin. While that may sound awesome, the ingredients they use are terrible for the skin and can actually make acne worse! Bottom line, stay away from astringents!
While modern day toners are usually much better for the skin, you still need to watch out because many of them will still have irritating ingredients like alcohol, essential oils or fragrance.
Witch Hazel is also a popular toner and can be a great ingredient for oily and acne-prone skin types. Just watch out for the ingredients because many times witch hazel toners will also contain alcohol which can dry out and irritate the skin.
Toners can contain a variety of different ingredients to help with many different skin concerns. From dehydration and pigmentation to acne and aging, there’s a toner out there for every skin type and concern.
Modern-day toners tend to have lots of hydrating ingredients to add hydration back into the skin after cleansing. They can also have chemical exfoliants, anti-oxidants, brightening ingredients and more.
Toners help to remove excess cleanser residue and can also help remove makeup, dirt and oil your cleanser may have missed. They also help to balance the skin’s pH after cleansing.
Benefits Of Toner
- Cleanses Skin – while cleansers are not meant to cleanse the skin per say, but when they’re used on a cotton pad and swept across the skin, they can help to remove any excess impurities your cleanser may have missed. However, if you just use them by pressing them into your skin with your hands, you will not get this cleansing action
- Balances pH – cleansers will typically alter the skin’s pH slightly and toners will help to balance the pH to skin’s optimal level (around 5). This is important to keep the skin barrier healthy and strong as well as to help defend against any pathogens
- Enhances Product Absorption – like cleansers, toners can also help product absorption. Toners will typically have humectants like hyaluronic acid or glycerin and these can help enhance penetration of your other skincare products like serums and moisturizers
- Preps Skin – toners can prep the skin for the rest of your skincare routine by keeping the skin clear of any impurities and enhancing product absorption
Like cleansers, toners can have additional benefits, depending on the formulation. They can help soothe sensitive skin, exfoliate, fight acne and aging and more.
Who Should Use Toner
While toners are not necessary, they can be a great addition to your skincare routine, particularly if you suffer from dry or dehydrated skin or you have some concerns you’d like to target. Toners are a great addition to your routine if you’re wanting some added benefits.
How To Pick A Toner
There are so many different toners on the market so it’s hard to narrow them all down. Here’s a guide to help you pick out a toner for your skin type and concerns.
If You Have Oily Or Acne Prone Skin…
Look for a toner with acne-fighting ingredients like salicylic acid. Witch Hazel, Niacinamide or other exfoliating acids like glycolic or lactic acid can also be beneficial.
If You Have Dry Or Dehydrated Skin…
Go for a hydrating and repairing toner that has humectants like hyaluronic acid or glycerin. Also look for ceramides, aloe vera, amino acids or plant oils.
If You Have Sensitive Skin…
Look for soothing ingredients like green tea, oats, centella asiatica, propolis or allantoin to reduce irritation and calm redness.
If You Have Combination Or Normal Skin…
Go for an exfoliating toner with AHA’s like lactic, mandelic or glycolic acid to keep skin smooth and healthy looking.
Skin Toner Vs Cleanser: Similarities And Differences
One of the biggest toner vs cleanser difference is that a toner is not a cleanser. Its job is not to cleanse the skin, but to balance pH and add hydration back into the skin. Toners are typically used to target specific skin concerns like acne or pigmentation. Cleansers, on the other hand, are designed to cleanse the skin and don’t typically have too many targeted benefits because they aren’t left on the skin.
|Definition||A skincare product that contains surfactants to cleanse the skin of any impurities||A skincare product that helps to balance the skin’s pH and add hydration back into the skin after cleansing|
|Function||Used to remove dirt, oil, makeup bacteria or dead skin cells from the skin.||Used to hydrate, adjust pH and target specific skin concerns|
|Benefits||Cleanses skin, keeps skin healthy, helps with acne, enhances product absorption||Hydrates, balances skin pH, helps product absorption and can target specific skin concerns depending on ingredients|
|Application||Used as the first step in any skincare routine||Used right after cleansing. Can be used on a cotton pad or applied with hands|
|Best For||Everyone – cleansers are an essential skincare product that everyone should use||All skin types – although not an essential product|
|Formulation||Creams, lotions, gels, oils, balms and liquids||Liquid or milky|
Toner Vs Cleanser Differences
- Cleansers are an essential skincare product that everyone needs to be using to keep skin healthy and clear. Toners are not essential but can make a nice addition to your routine (but you certainly don’t have to use one)
- A face wash uses surfactants to cleanse the skin whereas toners are used to balance and hydrate
- Cleansers come in many different forms (like gels or oils) whereas toners are always very liquid-y (like water)
Micellar Water Vs Toner Vs Cleanser
Micellar water is a liquid cleanser that contains tiny micelles. These micelles are little oil molecules, which attract dirt and other impurities like a magnet. Micellar water is great for those with sensitive skin because the formulation makes it gentle but effective.
The main difference between these is that micellar water is a type of cleanser and toner is not.
Cleanser Vs Toner Vs Face Wash
Cleanser and face wash are actually the same thing! Cleansers are also called facial washes or facial cleansers. They’re all just different words to describe the same thing!
Toner Vs Cleanser FAQ’s
Do I Need Both Cleanser And Toner?
No, you don’t need to use both a cleanser and toner. Toners are completely optional! However, you do absolutely need to use a cleanser!
Do I Use Cleanser Or Toner First?
Cleanser should always be used before toner. Cleansers are always meant to be the first step in your skincare routine. Toner comes right after cleansing.
Can I Use Toner Without Cleanser?
Can toner replace cleanser? No, a toner does not contain surfactants or cleansing agents that will cleanse the skin like a face wash. Toners really aren’t meant to cleanse (although they can help remove impurities if used on a cotton round, but they will not replace a regular facial wash).
Can I Use Cleanser And Toner At The Same Time?
Yes! Cleansers and toners make a great duo. Although you don’t have to use a toner, you can certainly add a toner to your skincare routine. You can also use a cleanser and toner at the same time, the cleanser should always go first, followed by toner.
Is Toner Better Than Face Wash?
No , toners are not necessarily better than face washes. Toner is a skincare product you can use in addition to a cleanser and it’s completely up to you if you want to add one into your routine. However, they aren’t going to replace a good face wash.
Toners and cleansers really are meant to do two different things. Generally, cleansers will cleanse the skin, whereas toners will hydrate and balance.
Toner Vs Cleanser: Wrap Up
So, what’s the difference between toner vs face wash? In short, a cleanser or face wash is used to cleanse the skin and remove impurities while a toner is used to balance the skin and hydrate after cleansing. Both products are great but toners are not necessary – they’re really just an added bonus if you want to go that extra mile in your skincare routine.
Related To Toner Vs Cleanser:
- Micellar Water Vs Toner: What’s The Difference?
- Pyunkang Yul Essence Toner Review
- CosRx Propolis Toner Review